The Child Mind BlogBrainstorm

  • Pamela Anderson Talks About Childhood Sexual Abuse
    May 19, 2014 Rachel Ehmke

    On Friday Pamela Anderson told an audience at Cannes that she is a survivor of childhood sexual abuse several times over. She was speaking at the launch of her new animal rights charity, The Pamela Anderson Foundation, and she poignantly said that part of the reason she has always felt a strong affinity for animals is because she felt like they saved her when she was suffering.

    Anderson said she was first molested by a female babysitter from the ages of 6-10, then raped when she was 12 by the much-older brother of a friend's boyfriend, and then gang raped by her first boyfriend and six of his friends in the ninth grade. "Needless to say, I had a hard time trusting humans," she said. "I just wanted off this earth."

    Throughout it all she remained silent because she didn't want to cause trouble. Her father was an alcoholic who wasn't always around, and her mother had two waitressing jobs. "My mom was always crying," she said. "I couldn't bear to give her any more disruptive information."

    Anderson is the kind of woman who was always going to stand out—she was first "discovered" on the Jumbotron at a football game—but her warmth and eager desire to use her celebrity to help others make her stand out even more. She's been an animal rights activist throughout her career, and put a face to hepatitis C when she became infected. After she wrote a column about having the disease for Jane, the magazine's editor, Jane Pratt, told Larry King that one girl wrote in to say that she had hepatitis C too, and she was grateful when Anderson came out "because I felt like no one wanted to touch me, and I know people want to touch Pam Anderson."

    By sharing her history of sexual abuse at the launch of her own foundation, Anderson is once again showing people that there is hope, and success, after even the hardest experiences.

    Learn from another survivor about the signs of sexual abuse in children and adolescents.

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Brandon Marshall Pledges $1 Million for Mental Health
    May 19, 2014 Caroline Miller

    Brandon Marshall made our day, to say the least. The Chicago Bears wide receiver signed a three-year, $30 million extension to his contract live on "The View" this morning—and he announced that he's pledging $1 million to the "mental health community."

    Brandon Marshall

    Marshall has been an amazing mental health advocate ever since he was diagnosed in 2011 with borderline personality disorder. Before his diagnosis, he had a history of problems off the field—emotional outbursts in public and domestic altercations with his wife Michi. He underwent three months of treatment at McLean Hospital, and Brandon and Michi started a foundation which aims, in their words, "to end the stigma attached to mental illness, advocate for unprecedented awareness, connect those suffering to resources, and paint the world lime green."  

    Lime green, we note, signifies mental health awareness, and Marshall, who earned himself a $10,500 fine from the NFL last fall for wearing green cleats during a game, was wearing a smart green pocket square on "The View" today.

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Yankee Fans Speak Up
    May 17, 2014 Carmen Wong Ulrich

    My 7-year-old daughter, Bianca Luz, let out a holler of joy (and a feisty dance number) before I could confirm with a wink, "So ... you're sure you're happy to work with the Yankees?" 

    What Bianca didn't know was that while she was dancing around, I had let out an internal, "Whew." Initially I had had a slight case of nerves as I prepared to tell her that she had been chosen by the Child Mind Institute to appear in a video PSA with her favorite baseball team. I had all confidence—as did her therapist, Dr. Jill Emanuele, who recommended her—that she was a natural in front of the camera. But I was mildly concerned about some of the issues that had brought us originally to Child Mind, over a year ago. Thankfully, I need not have been worried.  

    When this Manhattan-born mother-daughter team ended up on the field, in glorious weather, Bianca was more than ready. She'd been practicing her lines—and everyone else's as well-for two days, pleading to "run" script even while she was in the tub and on the way to school. It was such a joy to see her pride in being chosen to represent all children who need help to better their mental health.

    And then of course, there was the excitement of meeting the team. David Robertson was the first up and he charmed Bianca easily into what was to be the start of several giant smiles on her face that day. A fellow left-hander, Bianca took notes as she watched CC Sabathia warm up before he grinned for the cameras. Manager Joe Girardi also joined us, and of course, Derek Jeter, who introduced himself like a new friend, asking the kids questions, even shielding them from the sun between takes.

    What we all shared that amazing day is the belief that kids need help when it comes to their mental health and that as adults and parents, we must not only give them that help but spread the word to help others. We proudly speak up for kids. Will you?

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Smart Girls on Anxiety
    May 15, 2014 Caroline Miller

    We're fans of Amy Poehler's Smart Girls, and last night teamed up with them for a conversation about teenagers and anxiety.  Several smart girls who have first-hand experience with anxiety were on hand, and a couple of things they said really jumped out at me.

    First, how important your friends are when you're miserable with anxiety. Natasha Lerner, at 15-year-old who's struggled with PTSD and anxiety after witnessing a suicide, talked about how devastating it was for her to have a good friend laugh when she told her she was seeing a therapist.

    MTV comedian Shaylah Evans said she had the same experience with the panic attacks that started when she was quite young. "There's not a lot of sympathy for people with panic attacks," Shayla said. "People tell you you're just being a baby, you should just get over it. "

    "It can really add to your burden when friends don't appreciate the stress you're under," said the Child Mind Institute's Dr. Jamie Howard, adding that that's why it's so important to speak up about mental illness. "Your friends might need some help knowing how to respond. Empathy doesn't necessarily take place overnight. You may need to educate people."

    Since then Natasha has changed schools, and found new friends. "It's hard to tell people and have them react the way you want them to react," she said, 'but if they're really your friends they'll try to understand."

    When Franny Condon, now 15, was struggling with anxiety three years ago, her friends were understanding, she said, but the anxiety became more and more extreme. "Anxiety is not something that gets better without being paid attention to, Franny said. "For me it didn't come in one fell swoop. It came little by little and grew, and with everything I avoided I became afraid of something else."

    Franny was eloquent about what it takes to fight anxiety in treatment. " You have to change your thinking from using avoidance as a crutch to going through things you are afraid of systematically, until you can face them without irrational fear."

    Natasha agreed: "You have to do the opposite of what you want to do."

    And Shayla said she went so far as to force herself to start doing improv comedy to teach herself to face down fear. "It's way harder to do an improv comedy show, " she said, "way harder than just going out into the world. Day to day life seems so much less stressful—no waiting for applause or laughter. It reminds you that you can't control anything and that's okay."

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Can Meditation and Mindfulness Cure ADHD?
    May 14, 2014 Harry Kimball

    This week, an article in the New York Times about the potential for meditation and mindfulness training to ameliorate symptoms of ADHD has been causing some excitement. The author, Daniel Goleman, is a psychologist who has long been interested in meditation, and he suggests the practice helps improve "cognitive control" deficits associated with the disorder. And there are studies, he writes, that show mindfulness training leads to a "decline in impulsive errors," and that meditation appears "to strengthen the neural circuitry for keeping attention on a chosen point of focus."

    It should be noted that Goleman's focus on these brain-training strategies is tied to ambivalence about a common treatment for ADHD: drugs. "Meditation, not medication," you might say. He describes a "growing disenchantment" with stimulant meds—familiar to anyone who has read the recent string of anti-stimulant articles in the Times—and then, unfortunately, offers misleading study evidence in support of their unsuitability. For instance, if kids with ADHD in Finland take far less medication than American children, it does not necessarily indict the treatment.

    Everyone is entitled to an opinion on medication treatment, however. The real question here is this: Are meditation and mindfulness also good treatments? There is "huge potential" in this research, says Dr. Ron Steingard, associate medical director at the Child Mind Institute. And he is optimistic, but the fact is that the methods "aren't ready for primetime." The studies Goleman cites have limited sample sizes and do not include children. Their authors suggest more robust future research, which is a fantastic idea. As Dr. Steingard points out, high-functioning adults with ADHD who have learned to accommodate certain symptoms may very well use similar mental strategies; understanding this and developing evidence-based treatments would be an amazing help for people who struggle with the disorder.

    In the meantime, however, we don't know if these approaches will work in kids, and we don't know if they will help with the hyperactive and impulsive symptoms that pose such a threat to young people with ADHD. Just because we are optimistic does not mean we can cease to be realistic when it comes to the risks of the disorder and the proven treatments we have on hand now.

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Speak Up: A Mother's Story
    May 12, 2014 Liza Long

    On December 14, 2012, the day that Adam Lanza killed his mother—then walked into an elementary school in Newtown, Connecticut, where he shot and killed 20 first graders, 6 educators, and himself—my then 13-year old son was in an acute care psychiatric hospital.

    Liza LongAfter years of incorrect diagnoses and medications that didn't work, I still didn't know what was wrong with Michael or how to help him. So I told my story to the world. When I wrote, "I Am Adam Lanza's Mother," millions of families responded and said, "That's our life, too." Today, in 2014, Michael is stable. He has a diagnosis, and medications and therapies that work for him.

    But before we could get help—before we could find hope—we had to speak up.

    This May, I encourage everyone to speak up for the one in five children in America who struggle with mental disorders. The Child Mind Institute's Speak Up for Kids campaign is making a difference. Together, as we share our stories and speak up for our kids, we move toward making real help, hope, and recovery a reality for our children and our families.

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Facing Down OCD: A Teenager Speaks Up
    May 6, 2014 Caroline Miller

    Ben Shapiro is a 17-year-old who's written a remarkable piece for Psychology Today about the OCD that took over his life five years ago, and the battle to get that life back.

    Ben is candid and articulate about what it felt like to be in the grip of obsessive terrors, and how his compulsive rituals alleviated those fears, giving him what clinicians who treat kids with OCD call a "just-right feeling." As Ben puts it: "It's like a drug for people with OCD; we will do whatever it takes to get that reassurance, no matter how embarrassing our rituals."

    Ben also interviewed two anxiety experts about OCD and the treatment for it, which in his case included medication and cognitive behavioral therapy. Ben was helped by both, he writes, but it's the CBT, with Dr. Jerry Bubrick at the Child Mind Institute, that he credits with bringing him down from the ledge. His description of how it works it is the best I've seen.

    Ben is also very articulate about his reasons for writing this piece, as part of our annual Speak Up for Kids campaign, aimed at reducing the stigma around mental illness that isolates families struggling with it. His words are more powerful than mine—I hope you'll read the piece.

    I decided to step forward and "speak up" on the chance that hearing my story might help even one other kid. OCD made me feel alienated in a world I was sure only I understood. Had I realized how false that was, that there are millions of us out there, I might have felt a little less alone. 

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Speak Up: Imagining a Brighter Future for Our Kids
    May 2, 2014 Jeremy Richman, PhD, and Jennifer Hensel, MS

    Our six year old daughter, Avielle Rose Richman, was one of twenty-six children and educators tragically killed at Sandy Hook Elementary School in Newtown, CT on December 14th, 2012. My wife and I have started a brain science foundation in her honor with the mission of understanding and ultimately preventing violence.  This May, the Avielle Foundation joins the Child Mind Institute to Speak Up for Kids because we believe our future depends on our children's imaginationRichmans

    We speak up because we know that the imagination of a healthy brain can lead to discoveries with the power to change humanity.  Every child deserves a chance to imagine a world free of violence, fear, pain, and isolation; a world of empathy, health, beauty, and inclusion. And every child deserves the opportunity to make what they imagine a reality.

    We speak up by championing scientific research and education that will bring light to the dark mysteries of the brain, making the invisible complexities visible.  When we take the brain out of the shadows, we find understanding and the freedom to create appropriate therapies, bringing hope to kids and families.  We see a near future where parents and patients have no fear seeking help, because the brain will be respected and treated like any other organ in the body. 

    We speak up because every kid deserves a strong, nurturing, and supporting community.  Without investment in community we cannot take care of each other; we need a collective solution to provide brain healthcare for everyone. 

    We speak up with Avielle's voice, because she cannot.  We speak up for kids because we imagine a world where all children have the opportunity to live happy and healthy lives that celebrate the beauty of their brains.

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Keeping Anxious Kids From Becoming Anxious Adults
    May 2, 2014 Caroline Miller

    We kicked off our May Speak Up for Kids campaign this year with a May Day luncheon focusing on anxiety: living with it, treating it, and being the parents of an anxious child. On the program were two experts in the field—Scott Stossel, the author of My Age of Anxiety, who's lived with anxiety for 42 years, and Dr. Jerry Bubrick, who's treated many anxious children at the Child Mind Institute. Moderating the conversation was Ali Wentworth, the actor, comic, TV personality and no stranger to anxiety and depression herself (she noted that she spends more money on Zoloft than Barneys).

    If you've read Stossel's book, or the excerpt in the Atlantic, you know that one thing that makes him acutely anxious—along with flying, vomiting, and cheese (long story)—is public speaking. Wentworth opened the conversation by asking Stossel if he'd resorted to his usual cocktail of anti-anxiety meds and vodka, a regimen he described in his book, to steel himself for this event. Stossel responded that the three months of publicity he's done for his book have actually diminished that anxiety. "It's almost like doing protracted exposure therapy," he noted. And he's found that he can get by with less and less medication.

    Speaking of exposure therapy—the form of cognitive behavior therapy that Dr. Bubrick described as the gold-standard treatment for anxiety—Stossel also said that when his daughter developed anxiety at age 7, they got her CBT treatment immediately, and it really worked. "It's a joke in my family," Stossel said. "She's now 10, and she's much better than I am." He's become a big believer in early intervention, noting that if he'd been treated as a young child by Dr. Bubrick (who unfortunately was also a young child at that point) he probably would have been a much, much less anxious adult.

    Dr. Bubrick explained that parents who want to help kids overcome anxiety need to do the opposite of what seems natural: not reassure them constantly that they'll be fine, or brush off their anxiety, or avoid things that make them anxious. Instead, they need to validate their worried kids' feelings, but express confidence that they can manage the anxiety, and help them think of ways to handle what might happen.

    And all three speakers emphasized the importance of not hiding problems with mental illness.

    Stossel pointed out that it took him four decades before he was able to "come out," so to speak, by writing his book. Of course, he said, he was quite worried about how the book would be received—how could he not be? "But the incredibly positive response of people coming forward and sharing their stories has been extremely heartening," he said. "There is real benefit to generating conversation about this stuff. And reducing the stigma can really help."

    View Comments | Add Comment
  • Offit Schools Colbert on the Anti-Vaccine Threat
    April 29, 2014 Caroline Miller

    Dr. Paul Offit faced off with Stephen Colbert last night on the anti-vaccine movement, and the result is both funny and telling. Colbert gamely offered up all the usual anti-vaccine arguments, including my favorite: Why should I get my kids vaccinated if everyone around them is vaccinated? They're protected by . . . everyone else.

    Dr. Offit, who has written a book about the movement called Deadly Choices, countered that a decline in vaccinations has caused new outbreaks of measles, meningitis and whooping cough. Ten children recently died in a whooping cough outbreak in California, he noted—the worst in more than 50 years. "That isn't fair," Colbert shot back. "You're playing the child dying card!"

    On the subject of autism, Dr. Offit said many, many studies have showed that vaccines don't cause autism. How about the argument that we're giving 2 year olds—"kids who can't even handle an unpeeled grape!" Colbert noted—too many vaccines all at once? Offit said the immunological challenge kids get in multiple vaccinations is "a drop in the bucket compared to what kids are exposed to every day in food and water."

    Dr. Offit, who heads the Division of Infectious Diseases at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, also gave a short talk about the risks of alternative medicines at a recent Autism Science Foundation conference. No Colbert in this one, but it's fun to watch, too.

    Dr. Offit notes that of more than 54,000 dietary supplements on the market, only about 50 have research backing their claims of safety and efficacy. "People assume it's all natural, it's all good. You have evil pharmaceutical companies on the one hand. But these products are made by elves and old hippies, on flowering meadows," he said. Wrong, he added. These products are made by the same pharmaceutical companies—have been for a long time. "This is big pharma, but it's an unregulated industry. When you have unregulated industry, you get to make claims of efficacy and safety that you don't have to prove. And that's a problem."

    View Comments | Add Comment
Please help us improve the Symptom Checker!

Click here to share your thoughts about using the tool.